With the fear of having more terrorists trying to infiltrate the country, India wants to secure the two borders with Bangladesh and Pakistan. This intention was confirmed by Indian Home Minister Rajnath Singh. The length of this border, which is around 90% fenced, is more than twice the Mexican-US border, where President Donald Trump plans to build a wall.
"We have decided to seal the border between India and Bangladesh as quickly as possible. I know that some obstacles may arise in this work, as some areas are mountainous, some have jungles, and others have rivers," Rajnath Singh said at a graduation ceremony for India's Border Security Forces.
Singh has assured the project will be completed by 2018. The plan is to employ a combination of physical barriers and some technological tools such as surveillance.
“The project will be periodically monitored by the Home Secretary at the central level, the BSF from the security forces’ perspective and the chief secretaries at the state-level,” Singh added.
This action is made easier after the BSF changed the rules of engagement at international borders, an event that the Minister praised.
“The BSF has changed rules of engagement at international borders. Now, the BSF is a known entity even in neighboring countries,” Singh said.
The BSF has also been called to seal the Bangladesh border by Assam Chief Minister Sarbanada Sonowal. He claims that this particular border has allowed a stream of illegal immigrant and outlaws.
According to Sanjeev Tripathi, an analyst with Carnegie India, these years of illegal immigration from Bangladesh, "have proved to be a huge challenge for India with serious implications for its resources and national security."
He estimated that there are at least 15 million Bangladeshi immigrants living in India today.
Despite the enthusiasm of many government officials about sealing the borders, analysts are far less confident that the difficult terrain to completely secure the border can be overcome.
According to Bharat Karnad, a national security expert, "these are permeable borders; you cannot seal them off no matter how hard you try, no matter what high technologies you try to import."