The Ottomans ruled over Turkey for about 624 years. They built many monuments that were to go down the annals of history as spectacular marks of architecture and beauty. They shall be cherished by many generations to come. One of the most remarkable wonders of the Ottoman era is the Topkapi Palace.
This is the palatial residence of the Ottoman monarchs for the major part of their reign over Turkey. It is a museum today open for the public. The palace hosted all major royal events and celebrations at the time of the Ottoman rulers.
Topkapi palace is believed to have hosted as many as 4,000 people as its inmates once upon a time. There are four courtyards spread over a vast area, but it also has a large number of smaller buildings. The palace had all amenities within its precincts. There was a hospital to treat the injured and ill. There were mosques which served as places of worship for the residents, and there were some bakeries to provide for the baked food for the populace.
Topkapi palace stands where it did when the supreme conqueror of Byzantine empire, Sultan Mehmed II passed orders for its constructions. The complex saw many improvements and renovations down the annals of time. The earthquake in 1509 did cause some amount of damage to the structure, and so did the fire that broke out in 1665.
With time, the temperament of the sultans changed, and they began to find more tranquility in their palatial residences along the Bosphorus along the seashore.